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Anna Gioffreda and Michele Trizio revisit the question of the authenticity of Methone’s Refutation of Proclus’ Elements of Theology: two 14th-century manuscripts attribute chapters 139 and 146 of the work to Procopius of Gaza (ca 465/470–526/530). Indeed, there is a scholarly debate about the paternity of these fragments that has been recently revived by E. Amato (2010, 2014). In 2012, the same fragments have been ascribed to Ps-Procopius by I. Polemis in his edition of treatises attributed to the 14th-century author Isaak Argyros. Gioffreda and Trizio refute Amato’s arguments stating, as Lauritzen has in his contribution, that Proclus’Elements of Theologywas widely known and read by 11th- and 12th-century Byzantine scholars. They equally recall the numerous internal evidence pleading in favour of a middle Byzantine dating. Among the external evidence, they mention the explicit references by Photios to Procopius’ works (and Psellos’ remarks that are borrowed from these), and a scholion to Lucian’s Philopseudes in relation to Procopius’Refutation of Proclus’ Commentary on the Chaldean Oracles. Gioffreda and Trizio support Stiglmayr’s arguments against the Procopian paternity of the chapters 139 and 146 by mentioning the anti-Filioquist reasoning on the generation of the Son and the spiration of the Spirit, based on a Byzantine tradition citing Gregory of Nazianzus. They equally show that the topics discussed in the above mentioned chapters echo theological themes discussed by Nicholas elsewhere. Their palaeographical examination adds further important elements: chapters 139 and 146 have been copied more than once (and with differences!) in Vat. gr. 1096 and Vat. gr. 604 by one and the same person: Isaak Argyros. These two manuscripts, and others, are linked with anti-Palamite circles. The two chapters appear in Argyros’ hand in his own Adversus Cantacuzenum, a work that makes use of numerous Patristic quotations, and in a florilegium that he prepared for subsequent anti-Palamite treatises. The attributions of these chapters to Procopius are in Argyros’ hand, and they both serve the purpose of the polemic, by providing arguments against the distinction between God’s essence and his providential energies. The attributions to Procopius, therefore, attest to a 14th-century polemic about God’s unity and the orthodox understanding of creation, and “in absence of new incontrovertible evidence, this attribution must be regarded as highly dubious” (p. 129).
Villes Dépôts Fonds Cotes Type Commentaire Tome Pages
Escorial (El-) Real Biblioteca fonds principal Υ. III. 21 (Andrés 291) 120
Firenze Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana (BML) Plut. 28. 13 120
Firenze Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana (BML) Plut. 56. 14 119
Firenze Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana (BML) Plut. 89. sup. 48 119
Napoli Biblioteca nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III fonds principal III D 37 120, 121
Nürnberg Stadtbibliothek fonds principal Cent. V. App. 36 120
Nürnberg Stadtbibliothek fonds principal Cent. V. App. 37 120
Nürnberg Stadtbibliothek fonds principal Cent. V. App. 38 120
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 0940 120
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 1246 120
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 1276 120
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 1672 120
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 1853 114, 116
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 2507 120
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 2758 120
Paris Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) grec 2821 120
Parma Biblioteca Palatina Parm. 0154 (HH. IX. 23) 120
Praha Národní Knihovna České republiky fonds principal XXV C 31 120
Roma Biblioteca Angelica gr. 043 113
Roma Biblioteca Vallicelliana fonds principal F 030 122, 124
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Pal. gr. 174 120
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 0081 120
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 0573 120
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 0604 116-122, 124-126
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 0626 129
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 0678 122, 123, 127
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 1094 119, 120
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 1096 116-122, 124, 126
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 1102 120
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 1115 120
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 1721 120
Vaticano Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) Vat. gr. 2335 120, 125
Venezia Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana gr. Z. 155 (coll. 0610) 120
Venezia Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana gr. Z. 162 (coll. 0402) 122, 123, 125
Venezia Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana gr. Z. 308 (coll. 0636) 120
Venezia Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana gr. Z. 310 (coll. 0301) 120
Venezia Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana gr. Z. 323 (coll. 0639) 120