The article focuses on the critical edition, translation and commentary of a short logical compendium, found in MS Ambrosianus Q 74 Sup. (= Martini – Bassi Gr. 681, Diktyon 43158), ascribed for a long time to Theodore Abū Qurra, bishop of Ḥarrān. In the first part of the article, the attribution to Abū Qurra is discussed in an attempt to contextualize the compendium in the scope of middle-byzantine logical and philosophical literature. The critical text is enriched by an apparatus fontium, which may help the reader to appreciate the relationship of this work with the literary and scholastic production from late ancient Neoplatonism.